I want a Sphynx cat, what do I need to know

Sphynx - hairless
Sphynx - hairless

The Sphynx or Sphinx cat produces fascination and curiosity. Exotic, rare, beautiful, strange … even with the appearance of an alien they have come to define this cat breed that is characterized by the “absence” of hair.

We are going to know the most curious thing about this cat breed, because despite its appearance, we find a peculiar and very special cat, do we start?


 The Sphynx - cat
The Sphynx – cat

The origin of sphinx or sphynx cats is not very clear. Its existence dates back to the period of the Aztecs, who would have had hairless cats many centuries ago.

The earliest records of this breed were found in the early 1900s in New Mexico. Two hairless kittens were born there that did not mate because they were brothers. These kittens were called “new Mexican hairless cats.” However, these small cats are not related to the current sphinxes.

The sphynx is of Canadian origin . In 1966 a domestic cat gave birth to a hairless black kitten and with it began the breeding of a new breed. A lady acquired that peculiar kitten, named Prune, and her mother, Elisabeth, whom she crossed after a year to obtain more descendants. From that litter 7 kittens were born, including 2 males and 2 hairless females. These kittens had serious health problems: their immune system was not able to develop properly. For this reason, the breeding of this breed almost came to an end. However, in the mid-1970s other specimens of these “naked cats” were found and breeding continued. As early as 1971, the sphinx was already recognized as a breed.


The Sphynx - Heirless
The Sphynx

Sphynxes are cheerful and loving and are very close to their owner. They are also often quite friendly to other pets and rarely act aggressively.

It is not recommended to leave sphinxes alone at home for a long time because they are cunning and can get bored quickly. You can stimulate his mind, for example, with intelligence games . Another option is to socialize them with other animals of their species so that they are entertained.

The sphynx can be carried on a leash , although you should consider the weather conditions; Avoid going for a walk when it is very cold or hot. Another option is to secure your balcony so that your little feline can enjoy it freely when the weather is good.

This breed is active and can often even learn to search for objects thrown at it. If you are thinking of purchasing a sphinx, you shouldn’t worry if it makes sounds from time to time. Undoubtedly, these cats are among the most charlatans of their species, although their meow is not high; they only emit a low meow quite often.


The Sphynx eating

The appearance of the sphynx cat is undoubtedly the first thing that catches his attention, since its almost non-existent fur does not go unnoticed by anyone. These kittens hardly have a fine lint on their skin.

We are dealing with a medium and muscular breed of cats that can weigh between 3.5 and 7 kg. Its wedge-shaped head, with rounded contours, is slightly longer than it is wide. The sphinx has large ears, with a wide open base , and its tips are slightly rounded. The large eyes of these kittens are lemon-shaped and are tilted towards the outside of the ears. They have very wrinkled skin that can be any color, even with spots.

Some breeders encourage specimens without mustaches – vibras, technically speaking – which in some countries is considered abuse. Vibrissae are stiff hairs that act as tactile sensory organs and are considered essential for kittens.

Specific care

  The Sphynx -  Angry
The Sphynx – Angry

Given their absence of hair, sphinx cats are sensitive to weather conditions , so special attention should be paid to this. It could be assumed that these kittens have a higher body temperature than others, but this is not true since the sphynx have a normal body temperature for their species. The explanation is likely to be found in the lack of hair itself, which normally isolates heat. In these quirky cats, heat radiates directly through their fur, making them feel hotter than cats with fur. Therefore, it is crucial to protect the sphinxes from very low temperatures and from the sun’s rays .

The temperature in the home should not be too low; You can also offer your kitten a hammock for the radiator to prevent hypothermia. Also be careful that your sphinx is not exposed to direct sunlight because lack of hair makes them sensitive to it. However, you can always protect it with a cat-friendly sunscreen .

Since this breed is very sensitive, it should only live indoors . However, to offer you diversity in your life, walks and outings to a well-secured balcony are recommended.

If you choose to have only one sphinx cat, you must have enough time to pamper and play with it . These animals are very intelligent, so it is essential to entertain them on a regular and varied basis. As we have already mentioned, intelligence games, such as the Catit Design Senses maze feeder , are a good option to encourage the mind of your beloved sphynx.

On the other hand, multi-level scrapers are a fantastic option for these small cats to frolic at ease. In addition, they will be delighted to observe the environment from the highest platforms.

It is often claimed that allergy sufferers have no problem with sphincters. Although this is true for some, they may cause an allergy to cat fur through allergens found in kitty fur, which are also present in saliva and dandruff. Therefore, cat hair allergy sufferers may notice a reaction even with sphinxes. In conclusion, if you are allergic, it is better to spend some time with a copy of this breed before taking it home for good.


Despite their lack of hair, sphinx cats are quite resistant to disease . However, the tiny gene pool does pose some risk, as consanguineous crosses are often made leading to deficiencies. However, responsible breeders know how to deal with this problem. The important thing is to take your cat to the vet as soon as you can so that he can take the appropriate measures as soon as possible if necessary.


The coat of hair that sphynx lacks makes these kittens require more food than those with fur. The thermoregulation of “naked cats” is more complex: due to the absence of hair, the sphinxes lose heat more quickly than others of their kind. Heat compensation also requires more energy, so sphynx require more nutrients than their furry counterparts. Factors such as age, health status or weight also influence the feeding of these small cats.

Like other breeds of cats, sphinxes are also lactose intolerant of the milk of other animals , so they should not take more than breast milk. Occasionally you can offer your kitty cat milk , which has a special formula with reduced lactose content. However, it should never replace water. Pay attention that your cat always has enough fresh water at his disposal.

Your sphynx’s basic diet should be based on high-quality feed and wet food . Also, the food chosen must have a high content of meat and a low percentage of carbohydrates . Among the wide variety of high-quality food you will find at zooplus, you can also opt for Royal Canin Sphynx feed, whose recipe is especially adapted to the needs of cats.

by Animal Planet

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